Solving Dysbiosis of the Newborn Gut Microbiome
Research shows that the newborn gut microbiome — the trillions of bacteria that live within the intestinal tract of newborns — plays a critical role in proper immune and metabolic development as well as meeting the newborn’s nutritional needs.
Disruption of the newborn gut microbiome can cause both acute and chronic health consequences. Based on novel discoveries of the unique partnership between mammalian milk and a key intestinal bacterium, Evolve has pioneered a microbiome-based approach to solving newborn gut dysbiosis.
A Changing Gut Microbiome
The specific role of the newborn gut microbiome during the first months of life is critically important to lifelong health. Over 100 years ago, scientists discovered that breastfed infants had an intestinal microbiome composed almost entirely of a single type of organism: bifidobacteria. Since then, research has continued to elucidate the importance of high levels of bifidobacteria in the infant gut, and their impact on lifelong health. 
Dysbiosis of the Newborn Gut
This loss of bifidobacteria colonization may be explained in large part by modern medical and dietary practices used in industrialized countries.
- Increase in C-section: Infants acquire bifidobacteria from their mothers during vaginal delivery. Since 1970, C-sections have increased from 1 in 20 to 1 in 3 in the U.S. 
- Increased formula feeding: An important type of bifidobacteria, called B. infantis, is uniquely suited to metabolize the carbohydrates found in breast milk, but only 50% of infants in the U.S. are fed breast milk at 6 months. 
- Increased antibiotic use: Each year in the U.S. there are 47 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions, which are known to have a negative impact on the balance of the gut microbiome 
Long Term Health Consequences of Dysbiosis
Research is linking this loss of bifidobacteria in the infant gut to increased risk for chronic diseases later in life.
The Evolve Approach: Right Bug, Right Food, Right Time
In combination with milk oligosaccharides, carbohydrates naturally found in breast milk, supplementation with B. infantis can restore the newborn gut to its natural state.
- For 5 million years mammalian milk has evolved to promote the growth of both the newborn and B. infantis in the gut.
- 15% of mammalian milk is made up of carbohydrates that are indigestible by the neonate, and more efficiently consumed by B. infantis than by any other intestinal bacteria.
- Evolve is using this biological insight to develop rationally designed microbiome-based products to solve dysbiosis in both human and animal health applications.
Clinical Evidence for Restoration of the Newborn Gut
In a recent clinical trial, Evolve showed that supplementation with activated B. infantis, along with consumption of breast milk, leads to stable colonization of this organism in the infant gut at levels comparable to previous historical and geographical observations. This restoration allows B. infantis to:
- Outcompete bacteria associated with immune disorders
- Reduce endotoxins linked to type-1 diabetes, allergies and atopic dermatitis
- Produce short chain fatty acids which can reduce the risk of obesity
- Restore infant fecal pH, last seen over 100 years ago
Our gut microbiome influences nearly every aspect of our health. This symbiotic relationship between microbe and host begins at birth and can nourish and protect newborns as they develop and grow. Evolve has the unique opportunity to significantly impact human and animal long term health, using our microbiome-based approach to solving newborn gut dysbiosis.
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